Webinar instructions will be emailed before the date of the webinar.

Please log into the webinar 15 – 30 minutes before start time.

Day One: Wednesday, December 1, 2021
9:00 am – 12:15 pm EST (including a 15-min. break)
Day Two: Thursday, December 2, 2021
9:00 am – 12:15 pm EST (including a 15-min. break)


Presented by
Wendy Lathrop, PLS, CFM

Day One: Wednesday, December 1, 2021 | 9:00 am – 12:15 pm EST
(including a 15-min. break)

Locating Land Boundaries on Paper (And on the Ground)
What a deed tells us about real property interests and their locations – or doesn’t
Common kinds of land descriptions
• Metes and bounds
• Reference to a subdivision
• Reference to a tax parcel
• “Strip” descriptions
• 3-D descriptions (condominiums, split estates)
• Blanket easements
Reading a description to find evidence of location
The work involved in writing a description
Tying the paper deed to the ground: What is evidence of a boundary?
Why paper and ground may not match
When the paper and the ground don’t match: the hierarchy of evidence in descriptions
Summary: Elements of a good description

Physical Evidence of Boundaries
The difference between a corner and a monument
Retracement surveys versus new or independent surveys
Discrepancies between the written record and what is on the ground
• Types of discrepancies
• Causes of discrepancies
The hierarchy of evidence revisited

Day Two: Thursday, December 2, 2021 | 9:00 am – 12:15 pm EST
(including a 15-min. break)

Easements: Understanding Possessive Rights in Lands of Others
Distinctions between ownership and possession
Easements distinguished from other possessory rights
Types of easements and distinctions between them:
appurtenant, in gross, affirmative, negative, and others
Methods of easement creation
Clues in documents to determine if interests are fee or easement
The effect of the Statute of Frauds on possessory rights
Methods of easement termination
What happens after termination?

Disputes: Boundaries, Shared Spaces, and Split Estates
Distinctions between trespass, adverse possession and prescriptive rights
Maintaining adverse claims
• Statute of limitations
• Elements of a claim
“Lost grant” claims
Quiet title actions
Acquiescence, laches, estoppel and equity
Less litigious approaches to settling land interest disputes
• Practical location and boundary line agreements
• Boundary line commissions


 Webinar Instructions

Each webinar session earns continuing education credit and can be registered for individually. All attendees must log-on through their own email – attendees may not watch together if they wish to earn continuing education credit. HalfMoon Education Inc. must be able to prove attendance if either the attendee or HalfMoon Education Inc. is audited.

Certificates of completion will be provided for each webinar attended and will be sent via email in PDF form about five business days after the conclusion of the series.

Webinars are presented via GoToWebinar, an easy-to-use application that can be run on most systems and tablets. Instructions and login information will be provided in an email sent close to the date of the webinar. It is highly recommended that you download, install and test the application before the webinar begins by clicking on the link in the email.

GoToWebinar App requirements:
Windows 7 – 10 or Mac OSX Mavericks (10.9) – macOS Catalina (10.15)

Web Browser:
The two most recent version of the following browsers:
Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Microsoft Edge
Internet Explorer v11 (or later) with Flash enabled

Internet connection:
 Minimum of 1Mbps       Hardware: 2GB RAM or more

For more information, visit the Support section at


Engineers and Land Surveyors
6.0 PDHs

Architects      (AIA credits only available for attending live Webinar)
6.0 Non-HSW CE Hours
6.0 AIA LU | Elective

Landscape Architects    (LA CES credits only available for attending live Webinar)
6.0 Non-HSW CE Hours


Continuing Education Credit Information
This course is open to the public and offers 6.0 PDHs to professional engineers and land surveyors, and 6.0 non-HSW continuing education hours to architects and landscape architects licensed in New York. Refer to Board rules to determine specific course eligibility.

The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education System has approved this course for 6.0 LU| Elective (Sponsor No. J885). Only full participation is reportable to the AIA/CES.

The Landscape Architect Continuing Education System has approved this course for 6.0 non-HSW PDHs. Only full participation is reportable to LA CES.

Completion certificates will be awarded to participants who complete this event, respond to prompts, and earn a passing score (80%) on the quiz that follows the presentation (multiple attempts allowed).


Wendy Lathrop PLS CFM

President and Owner of Cadastral Consulting, LLC
Ms. Lathrop is licensed as a professional land surveyor in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland, and as a professional planner in New Jersey. She holds a master’s degree in Environmental Policy, and has been involved in surveying since 1974 in projects ranging from construction to boundary to environmental land use disputes. Ms. Lathrop is also a certified floodplain manager through the Association of State Flood Plain Managers (ASFPM). A former adjunct instructor at Mercer County College in New Jersey, she has also taught as part of the team for the licensing exam review course at Drexel University in Pennsylvania. Ms. Lathrop has been teaching seminars for surveyors since 1986 and has been writing articles for surveyors since 1983. She is a contributing editor for The American Surveyor magazine, and she has four articles included in the American Bar Association’s text, Land Surveys: A Guide for Lawyers and Other Professionals. She and Stephen V. Estopinal, PLS, PE co–authored a book entitled Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions: Composition, Construction, and Comprehension, published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. in 2011. She is also on the faculty of GeoLearn, a web-based educational provider. Ms. Lathrop is a past president of the New Jersey Society of Professional Land Surveyors and of the National Society of Professional Surveyors, and has served on the Board of Directors for the American Association for Geodetic Surveying.

AIA Info

AIA Provider Statement:

HalfMoon Education Inc. is a registered provider of AIA-approved continuing education under Provider Number J885. All registered AIA/CES Providers must comply with the AIA Standards for Continuing Education Programs. Any questions or concerns about this provider of learning program may be sent to AIA/CES ( or (800) AIA 3837, Option 3).

This learning program is registered with AIA/CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product.

AIA continuing education credit has been reviewed and approved by AIA/CES. Learners must complete the entire learning program to receive continuing education credit. AIA continuing education Learning Units earned upon completion of this course will be reported to AIA/CES for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for both AIA members and non-AIA members are available upon request.

Course Title: New York Boundaries and Easements for Design Professionals

Delivery Method: Live Online

Course Description: This course examines how to locate land boundaries on paper and on the ground, navigate the hierarchy of evidence when evaluating physical boundary evidence, distinguish various types of easements from each other as well as other possessory rights, and settle land interest disputes through claims, quiet title actions, and less litigious approaches.

Learning Objectives:

Learning Objective 1:
Learners will be able to apply principles of boundary locations and interpret land descriptions locate land boundaries on paper and on the ground.

Learning Objective 2:
Learners will be able to identify and differentiate between various types of physical boundary evidence, and discuss the the hierarchy of evidence.

Learning Objective 3:
Learners will be able to explain what qualifies are an easement, differentiate types of easements, and be able to explain how to create, maintain, and terminate easements.

Learning Objective 4:
Learners will be able discuss with clients how disputes over boundaries, shared spaces, split estates and other issues are commonly settled.

LUs: 6.0                                                                                              LU Type: LU|HSWs.

Prerequisites: Familiarity with land development and easements

Advance Preparation: None

Program Level: Intermediate

Course Expiration Date: 09/20/2024

Complaint Resolution Policy:

Complaints regarding this course can be emailed to or by calling (715) 835-5900. A HalfMoon Education representative will respond within 72 hours to resolve the complaint, which will include, but not limited to, access to another CE activity at no or reduced cost or a full or partial refund. Each instance will be resolved on a case-by-case situation.

Streamable MP4/PDF Price: $299.00


Before undertaking any self-study effort, you should review the rules of your licensing/certifying entity.

You must take and pass a quiz in order to receive credit. You can take the quiz as many times as needed and there is no time limit on the quiz. Once the quiz is completed, you will be asked to download your certificate.

Videos that qualify for AIA, LACES, ASLA, or CLARB credit will require an extra week for processing.

Streamable MP4/PDF

Available approximately 1 week after the date of the live event.

To track your purchase you will need to create an account on the website using the email address used for your registration.

The video will have occasional question prompts that will not allow the video to progress unless they are answered. You will not be able to skip forward while watching the video.

If you attempt to resume watching the video on a separate device, your progress will not be saved.

Click the link which appears at the end of the video to be taken to the course quiz.


HalfMoon will mail these materials via USPS. Please allow 2 weeks from the date of purchase to receive your product. If the live seminar is in the future, please allow 5 weeks from the date of the live seminar.

The link to the quiz will be available in a PDF in your USB drive marked QUIZ.

HalfMoon will contact you and issue a full refund if the product you ordered is not available. However, refunds will not be issued if completion certificates are requested.

Please contact HalfMoon Education if you have any questions during the process of taking this course. (715) 835-5900 or