Locating Land Boundaries on Paper (And on the Ground)
Wednesday, April 10, 2019, 11:00 AM – 12:30 PM CDT

   What a deed tells us about real property interests and their locations – or doesn’t

   Common kinds of land descriptions

      – Metes and bounds         

      – Reference to a subdivision

      – Reference to a tax parcel

      – “Strip” descriptions

      – 3-D descriptions (condominiums, split estates)

      – Blanket easements

   Reading a description to find evidence of location

   The work involved in writing a description

   Tying the paper deed to the ground: What is evidence of a boundary?

   Why paper and ground may not match

   When the paper and the ground don’t match: The hierarchy of evidence in descriptions

   Summary: Elements of a good description

Physical Evidence and Boundaries
Wednesday, April 10, 2019, 1:00 – 2:30 PM CDT

   The difference between a corner and a monument

   Retracement surveys versus new or independent surveys

   Discrepancies between the written record and what is on the ground

      – Types of discrepancies                                 

      – Causes of discrepancies

   The hierarchy of evidence revisited

Easements: Understanding Possessive Rights in Lands of Others

Thursday, April 11, 2019, 11:00 AM – 12:30 PM CDT

   Distinctions between ownership and possession

   Easements distinguished from other possessory rights

   Types of easements and distinctions between them: 
      Appurtenant, in gross, affirmative, negative and others

   Methods of easement creation

   Clues in documents to determine if interests are fee or easement

   The effect of the Statute of Frauds on possessory rights

   Methods of easement termination

   What happens after termination?

Disputes: Boundaries, Shared Spaces, and Split Estates
Thursday, April 11, 2019, 1:00 – 2:30 PM CDT

   Distinctions between trespass, adverse possession and prescriptive rights

   Maintaining adverse claims

      – Statute of limitations

      – Elements of a claim

   “Lost grant” claims

   Quiet title actions

   Acquiescence, laches, estoppel, and equity

   Less litigious approaches to settling land interest disputes   

      – Practical location and boundary line agreements

      – Boundary line commissions

Webinar Instructions

All attendees must log-on through their own email – attendees may not watch together if they wish to earn continuing education credit. HalfMoon Education Inc. must be able to prove attendance if either the attendee or HalfMoon Education Inc. is audited.

Certificates of completion can be downloaded in PDF form upon passing a short quiz. A link to the quiz will be sent to each qualifying attendee immediately after the webinar. The certificate can be downloaded from the Results page of the quiz upon scoring 80% or higher.

Webinars are presented via GoToWebinar, an easy-to-use application that can be run on most systems and tablets. Instructions and login information will be provided in an email sent close to the date of the webinar. It is highly recommended that you download, install and test the application before the webinar begins by clicking on the link in the email.


GoToWebinar App requirements: 
Windows 7 – 10 or Mac OSX 10.9 (Mavericks) – 10.13 (High Sierra)

Web Browser:
The two most recent version of the following browsers:
Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Microsoft Edge
Internet Explorer v11 (or later) with Flash enabled

Internet connection:
 Minimum of 1Mbps       Hardware: 2GB RAM or more

For more information visit the Support section at


Professional Engineers: 
     6.0 PDHs/CE Hours

Professional Land Surveyors:
     6.0 PDHs/CE Hours (NJ and TX approval Pending)

Continuing Education Credit Information

Each of these webinars offer professional engineers and professional land surveyors 1.5 professional development/continuing education hours. These webinars are designed to qualify for continuing education credit in all states.

HalfMoon Education is an approved continuing education sponsor for professional land surveyors and engineers in Indiana, Maryland, New York (NYSED Sponsor No. 35), North Carolina, and North Dakota. HalfMoon Education is also an approved continuing education provider for Florida and New Jersey engineers (Approval No. 24GP00000700). These courses have been approved for Florida, Missouri and Tennessee land surveyors. Course approval is pending for New Jersey and Texas land surveyors. Other states do not require preapproval of continuing education providers or activities.

In order to obtain a continuing education certificate, each licensed participant must be logged on to his or her own computer and complete a quiz following each presentation. Certificates cannot be issued to multiple participants on one computer.


Wendy Lathrop, PLS, CFM, CFS

President and Owner of Cadastral Consulting, LLC

Ms. Lathrop is licensed as a professional land surveyor in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland, and as a professional planner in New Jersey. She holds a master’s degree in Environmental Policy and has been involved in surveying since 1974 in projects ranging from construction to boundary to environmental land use disputes. Ms. Lathrop is also a certified floodplain manager through the Association of State Flood Plain Managers (ASFPM) and a Certified Floodplain Surveyor through the New Jersey Society of Professional Land Surveyors. A former adjunct instructor at Mercer County College in New Jersey, she has also taught as part of the team for the licensing exam review course at Drexel University in Pennsylvania. Ms. Lathrop has been teaching seminars for surveyors since 1986 and has been writing articles for surveyors since 1983. She is a contributing editor for The American Surveyor magazine, and she has four articles included in the American Bar Association’s text, Land Surveys: A Guide for Lawyers and Other Professionals. She and Stephen V. Estopinal, PLS, PE co–authored a book titled Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions: Composition, Construction, and Comprehension, published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. in 2011. She is also on the faculty of GeoLearn, a web-based educational provider. Ms. Lathrop is a past president of the New Jersey Society of Professional Land Surveyors and of the National Society of Professional Surveyors, and she has served on the Board of Directors for the American Association for Geodetic Surveying.

There are 4 Courses in This Seminar

Locating Land Boundaries on Paper (And on the Ground)

Locating Land Boundaries on Paper (And on the Ground)

April 10, 2019 Webinar Wendy Lathrop
Physical Evidence and Boundaries

Physical Evidence and Boundaries

April 10, 2019 Webinar Wendy Lathrop
Disputes: Boundaries, Shared Spaces, and Split Estates

Disputes: Boundaries, Shared Spaces, and Split Estates

April 11, 2019 Webinar Wendy Lathrop